“Idlib’s Guantanamo”: Foreign Fighters in HTS Prisons

On June 8, MuzamjirĀ al-Sham, a popular Twitter personality who has dropped scoops related to the jihad in Syria over the years and is believed to have been affiliated with Ahrar al-Sham previously, posted a series of allegations on Twitter related to Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), and Abu Muhammad al-Jawlani, in particular, in relation to foreign jihadis in areas HTS controls. He also notes that Jawlani is joined by key HTS leaders in making these policies that will be discussed below, including: Abu Mariyah al-Qahtani, ‘Abd al-Rahim al-‘Atun, and Mazhar al-Ways. You can read the entire series of tweets here.

Muzamjir claims that since Jawlani left al-Qaeda’s fold he and his organization have been killing, arresting, torturing, and in even some cases allegedly extraditing wanted jihadists to foreign governments abroad. Most notably, those affiliated with Huras al-Din and Ansar al-Islam. According to Muzamjir these alleged deals with foreign intelligence services is done to try and extract money. As a consequence, he claims that this is the reason a number of al-Qaeda-related figures were also killed: such as, Abu Zayd al-Urduni, Tariq al-Turki, Faruk al-Tunisi, Abu Yunis al-Almani, Abu Mu’adh al-Faransi, and Abu ‘A’ishah al-Tajiki, among others. Likewise, Muzamjir says that there are more than 170 foreign fighters detained by HTS another 100 who were allegedly disappeared, but he cannot corroborate those individuals’ names yet. As for those imprisoned, see below for a list of some of them that Muzamjir and his sources on the ground claim to have confirmed:

Huras al-Din

Top Leaders:

  • Shaykh Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Makki (Commander of Jaysh al-Malahim)
  • Shaykh Abu Hamzah al-Dar’awi (Member of the Shura Council)
  • Sahl al-Jazrawi (Qadi)
  • Shaykh Abu Sulayman al-Libi
  • Shaykh Abu Yahya al-Jaza’iri
  • Shaykh Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Urduni
  • Shaykh Abu al-Zubayr al-Libi
  • Shaykh Abu Mariyam al-Jaza’iri
  • Shaykh Abu Dhar al-Masri
  • Shaykh Abu Basir al-Shami
  • Shaykh Abu ‘Abd Allah al-Suri
  • Shaykh Abu Ghadiyah al-Jazrawi

Military Commanders and Field Cadres:

  • Khalal al-Jawfi (Military Commander)
  • Abu ‘Umar al-Faransi (Field Commander)
  • Abu Radwan al-Turki (Field Commander)
  • Abu Mus’ab al-Turki (Field Commander)
  • Zayd al-Kurdi
  • Abu Husayn al-Turki
  • Abu Sulayman al-Mulla
  • Abu Safiyah al-Faransi
  • Abu al-Layth al-Masri
  • Abu Anas al-Masri
  • Abu Satif al-Khashir
  • Abu Bilal Daragham
  • Abu Hurayrah al-Masri

Independent Foreign Fighter Leaders and Individuals

  • Abu Usamah al-Jaza’iri
  • Abu al-Darda’ al-Jaza’iri
  • Abu Basir al-Libi
  • ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Faransi
  • ‘Abd al-Rahim al-Turki
  • Turab al-Turki
  • Jund Allah al-Turki
  • Khatab al-Irani
  • Abu Ahmad al-Libi
  • Abu Ayub al-Maghribi

French Foreign Fighters

  • ‘Umar Omsen (Leader of Firqat al-Ghuraba’)
  • Abu Basir al-Faransi (Military Commander of Firqat al-Ghuraba’)
  • Abu Salih al-Faransi (Field Commander)
  • Abu Yusuf al-Faransi
  • Sayf Allah al-Faransi
  • Musa al-Faransi
  • Abu Asiya al-Faransi

Jama’at Ansar al-Islam

  • ‘Abd al-Matin al-Kurdi (Military Commander)
  • Abu Sihab al-Kurdi (Field Commander)
  • ‘Amar al-Kurdi
  • Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Shami
  • Abu ‘Ali al-Qalamuni
  • Khatab al-Turki

According to Muzamjir, while these individuals were under interrogation, so-called ‘external parties’ were involved to know more about these jihadis’ activities in Afghanistan and Europe prior to their arrival in Syria. As a consequence, he argues that Idlib is like a new version of Guantanamo Bay Prison.